Knee Conditions

Knee Conditions

  • Meniscal Tear
  • Patellar Tendinitis (Jumper’s Knee)
  • Prepatellar Bursitis
  • Baker’s Cyst
  • Knee Osteoarthritis
  • Knee pain after knee replacement (Genicular and saphenous neuralgia)

Meniscal Tear

Overview

Like a lot of knee injuries, a meniscus tear can be painful and debilitating. Unfortunately, it’s quite common. In fact, a meniscal tear is one of the most frequently occurring cartilage injuries of the knee.

 

Symptoms

Symptoms of a meniscus tear include:

  • Pain in the knee
  • Swelling
  • A popping sensation during the injury
  • Difficulty bending and straightening the leg
  • A tendency for your knee to get “stuck” or lock up

 

Treatment

Treatment for meniscal tears depends on the size and location of the tear. Other factors which influence treatment include age, activity level and related injuries. The outer portion of the meniscus, often referred to as the “red zone,” has a good blood supply and can sometimes heal on its own if the tear is small.

Patellar Tendinitis

Overview

Patellar tendinitis is a lesion in the tendon that connects the patella (patella) with the tibia. The patellar tendon works with the muscles of the front of the thigh to extend the knee, so that it is possible to kick, run and jump.

 

Symptoms

Pain is the first symptom of patellar tendinitis that usually occurs between the patella and at the junction of the tendon with the shin bone (tibia).

Pain in the knee:

  • At the beginning, it can occur only when you start doing physical activity or only after intense training
  • It can get worse to the point of hindering the practice of sports
  • Over time, it hinders daily movements, such as climbing stairs or getting up from a chair

 

Treatment

Para reducir el riesgo de tener tendinitis rotuliana, adopta estas medidas:

  • No juegues cuando tengas dolor. En cuanto notes que tienes dolor de rodilla a causa de realizar ejercicio, coloca hielo en la zona y descansa. Hasta que ya no tengas dolor en la rodilla, evita las actividades que pongan tensión en el tendón rotuliano.
  • Fortalece los músculos. Los músculos fuertes de los muslos son más capaces de manejar la tensión que puede causar la tendinitis rotuliana. Los ejercicios excéntricos, que consisten en bajar la pierna muy lentamente después de haber extendido la rodilla, son de especial utilidad.
  • Mejora tu técnica. A fin de asegurarte de que utilizas el cuerpo de forma correcta, considera tomar clases u obtener instrucciones profesionales cuando comienzas un deporte nuevo o cuando usas equipos para ejercitarte.

Prepatellar Bursitis

Overview

Prepatellar bursitis is an inflammation of the prepatellar bursa at the front of the knee. It is marked by swelling at the knee, which can be tender to the touch and which generally does not restrict the knee’s range of motion, or extremely painful and disabling as long as the underlying condition persists.

 

Symptoms

The primary symptom of prepatellar bursitis is swelling of the area around the kneecap. It generally does not produce a significant amount of pain unless pressure is applied directly.

 

Treatment

Non-septic prepatellar bursitis can be treated with rest, the application of ice to the affected area, and anti-inflammatory drugs, particularly ibuprofen. Elevation of the affected leg during rest may also expedite the recovery process.

Cervicalgia will typically go away within a couple of weeks. People should see a doctor if the pain lasts for longer than a few weeks, or immediately if the pain occurred as a direct result of an injury.

It is important to avoid any activities that may be causing a neck strain, such as cycling, and to rest the neck as much as possible. If the injury has occurred from poor posture, it is important to address this immediately and improve the posture.

Baker’s Cyst

Overview

Knee replacements are among the most commonly performed and highly successful orthopedic surgical procedures. A knee replacement is done when the knee joint has worn out, most often as a result of wear-and-tear arthritis.

When a knee replacement surgery is performed, the worn out cartilage is removed and the ends of the bone are shaped. Over the ends of the bone, a metal implant is fit into place, and a plastic spacer is placed between the metal implants. This reconstructive procedure is performed to allow a smooth, pain-free movement of the joint.

Knee Osteoarthritis

Overview

While age is a major risk factor for osteoarthritis of the knee, young people can get it, too. For some individuals, it may be hereditary. For others, osteoarthritis of the knee can result from injury or infection or even from being overweight. Here are answers to your questions about knee osteoarthritis, including how it’s treated and what you can do at home to ease the pain.

 

Symptoms

Osteoarthritis, commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, is a condition in which the natural cushioning between joints — cartilage — wears away. When this happens, the bones of the joints rub more closely against one another with less of the shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage. The rubbing results in pain, swelling, stiffness, decreased ability to move and, sometimes, the formation of bone spurs. 

Knee pain after knee

Overview

Your body’s facet joints are the joints on the back of your spine that counterbalance the disks inside your spine’s vertebrae. They’re important for limiting the motion of your spine so that the vertebrae stay in proper alignment.

Over time, aging causes the facet joints to wear down. Arthritis of these joints may also occur over time, just as it might in any other joint. This is referred to as facet arthropathy.

 

Symptoms

People with facet arthropathy often experience lower back pain that worsens with twisting, standing, or bending backward. This pain is usually centered on one specific part of the spine. It may also feel like a dull ache on one or both sides of the lower back.

 

Treatment

There are several ways to treat facet arthropathy pain. Treatments include:

Anti-inflammatory medications
Avoidance of motions that cause pain
Back surgery when there is nerve-root compression, often spinal fusion
Epidural steroid injections
Facet joint ablation
Physical therapy